Judd , Carol M. Native Labour and Social Stratification in the HBC

Document Type: Journal Articles (2)
Date of Document(s): 1980
Date Range Start : 1770
Date Range End: 1870
Indexing Progress: Finished
Primary or Secondary Source: Secondary Source
Author: Judd, Carol M.
Title: Native Labour and Social Stratification in the Hudson's Bay Company's Northern Department, 1770-1870
Journal Title: From The Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology
Place of Publication: Canada
Publisher Name: University of Toronto Press
Date of Publication: 1980
Date of Copyright: 1980
Volume ID: 17
Issue ID: 4
Location in Work: 305-314
ISBN/ISSN: 0008-4948
Notes: paper and electronic copy/journal article
Abstract: The Hudson's Bay Company began to employ Indian and Métis about 1770. During the competitive period (until 1821) natives held administrative as well as labouring positions. Under near monopoly conditions after 1821, natives did not fare as well. With few exceptions they gained access only to the lowest levels of the employment hierarchy. This loss of status caused frustration which was expressed in several ways. La Companie de La Baie D'Hudson commençait à employer des Amérindiens et des Métis jusqu'en 1770. Pendant la période concurrentielle (justqu'à 1821) les indigènes ont tenu des postes administratifs ainsi que des postes journaliers. Sous des conditions qui s'approche d'un monopole après 1821, les indigènes ne se débrouillaient pas aussie bien. Sauf pour quelques exceptions, ils ont réussi seulement les plus bas rangs d'hiérarchie d'emploie. Cette perte de status a causé la frustration qui était exprimée par divers manières.


  • Anderson
  • Hardisty
  • Hearne
  • McGillivray
  • Ross
  • Sutherland


  • Hudson Bay
  • Mackenzie River
  • Northern Department
  • Norway House
  • Oxford House
  • Pembina
  • Red River
  • Rupert's Land
  • Southern Department HBC
  • York Factory


  • Beaver (fur, trapping, trade)
  • Boatman
  • Buffalo Hunt
  • Chief Factor
  • Chief Trader
  • Class Divisions
  • Clerk
  • Country Marriages
  • Discrimination
  • Education
  • Employment
  • Ethnicity
  • Food
  • Fur Trade
  • Geography
  • Half Breed
  • HBC (Hudson's Bay Company)
  • Hierarchy
  • Hunting
  • Income Inequality
  • Intermarriage
  • Interpreter
  • Labour
  • Labourer
  • Middleman
  • Mutiny
  • NWC (North West Company)
  • Poverty
  • Seven Years War
  • Simpson, George
  • Stereotyping
  • Surgeon
  • Trade
  • Translation
  • Transportation
  • Trapping
  • Voyagers
  • War
  • York Boats